- Acts as an exfoliating agent
- The best ingredients to get rid of acne
- Effectively helps in getting rid of stretch marks, scars and aging skin
- Can be used for the treatment of blemishes
Salicylic acid is a naturally occurring beta hydroxy acid derived from the bark of a willow tree. Related to aspirin that has been used topically for decades, it has both cosmetic and medicinal benefits.
The cells in the lining of the hair follicles of people prone to acne tend to replicate very fast, and stick to each other. Topically applied, salicylic acid works by causing the epidermal cells to shed properly. Actually, its main function is to dissolve this cement that holds those cells adhered together in the clogged pores. Simply put, salicylic acid aids in the process of exfoliation by eliminating surface skin cells and opening up pores. This reduces the number of pore blockages and breakouts on the skin. Moreover, salicylic acid plays an important role not only in treating acne on the surface of the skin, but also when it penetrated the skin. The skin produces oil. Salicylic acid has ability to dissolve some of the skin’s natural oils. Moreover, it has been found to help break down blackheads and whiteheads and promote the skin in expelling waste matter that was previously held inside the follicles.
Beside to its benefits in treating acne, salicylic acid peels are effective for the treatment of photo-aging. Study published in the journal Dermatologic Surgery (Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery), suggests that this peel has distinct advantages for resurfacing moderately photo-damaged facial skin. According to this study, researchers have peeled patients singly and multiply at 4-week intervals. The results show that the benefits are fading of pigment spots, decreased surface roughness, and reduction of fine lines.
The anti-inflammatory properties of this ingredient are not surprising. Salicylic acid also effectively helps in getting rid of stretch marks, scars and aging skin. Also like aspirin, it can relieve inflammation and redness. Although it can be used on all skin types, it is especially useful on oily skin.
Mode of Action:
The two most prominent ingredients in cosmetic products for acne treatment are certainly salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide. There are dozens of studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of both ingredients. Yet their comparative studies show that salicylic acid is No. 1 According to study published in Clinical Therapeutics, salicylic acid have shown it to be superior to benzoyl peroxide in reducing the total number of acne lesions.
- Clin Ther. 1992 Mar-Apr;14(2):247-53. – Treatment of acne vulgaris with salicylic acid pads
- Dermatologic Surgery. Volume 24, Issue 3, pages 325–328, March 1998 – Salicylic acid peels for the treatment of photoaging
- Dermatologic Surgery. Volume 29, Issue 12, pages 1196–1199, December 2003 – Salicylic Acid Peels for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris in Asian Patients