Antioxidant skin care is one of the newest trends in beauty. Incorporating the right antioxidants into your everyday skin care routine can have a positive effect on your skin. In other words, antioxidant ingredients in skin care products help in repairing past damage, and preventing future damage in the skin cells.
Antioxidants are useful in two ways: On the one hand they prevent degradation of natural ingredients (proteins, sugars, lipids) in the cosmetic product. On the other hand antioxidants protect the skin cells from being damaged and slow down the aging process. Before we get into specific antioxidants and their benefits to the skin, it is important to understand exactly what an antioxidant does.
Antioxidants are nutrients (vitamins and minerals) and enzymes (proteins inside your body) that can help to prevent and repair damage to your body’s tissue. Antioxidants protect skin by limiting the production of free radicals, which can damage skin cells. That makes sense when you understand that over 90% of the signs of aging are caused by free radical damage.
The formation of free radicals is a widely accepted pivotal mechanism leading to skin aging. The production of free radicals increases with age, while the endogenous defense mechanisms that counter them decrease. This imbalance leads to the progressive damage of cellular structures, and thus, results in accelerated aging.
Antioxidants neutralize free radicals, those wrinkle-causing baddies produced by sunlight, stress, air pollution, and other environmental stressors. Some researchers have gone so far as to say that antioxidant-based products more important than SPFs in battling aging and cancer, since they create a barrier on the skin to protect from not only harmful UV rays, but deeper-penetrating IR (infrared) rays as well.
Antioxidants can come from healthy eating, but only a small percentage of consumed antioxidants actually reach the skin, because they primarily act internally in the body. However, topical antioxidants are available in multivariate combinations through over-the-counter skin care products that are aimed at preventing the clinical signs of aging. Wrinkles and fine lines can be minimized with the use of antioxidants skin care products.
Although most antioxidants can be used as a single agent, studies have shown that they work best as a team. Topical application of such combinations may result in a sustained antioxidant capacity of the skin, possibly due to antioxidant synergisms.
- Provide UVA/UVB protection
- Stimulate the production of collagen
- Alleviate inflammation
- Protect against harmful pollutants in the environment like smoke and exhaust
- Protect against free radical damage and neutralized reactive oxygen species (ROS)
For topically administered antioxidants to be effective in preventing skin aging, a couple of considerations should be made when formulating them:
- Product stabilization is crucial. Because antioxidants are very unstable, they may become oxidized and inactive before reaching the target.
- They must be properly absorbed into the skin, reach their target tissue in the active form, and remain there long enough to exert the desired effects.
By using double layered encapsulation RG-Cell has effectively improved delivery into dermal layers of the skin. This recently patented technology, is one of the important factors that gives RG-Cell it’s potency. Key advantages of double layered nano-encapsulation are: Helps to deliver the actives into the skin in a continuous time release effect, high stability and high affinity to the skin, compatible with all skin types, efficient delivery of therapeutic cosmetic components into dermal layer.
One challenge of cosmeceutical product selection is a general lack of published data on specific formulations, although in many cases there are studies (of varying levels of quality) suggesting that specific topical agents may confer benefits to reduce the appearance of signs of photo-damage. Among the most promising topically applied ingredients currently recommended by cosmetic dermatologists are antioxidants, botanicals, and peptides.
Given their potential activity in helping to prevent or minimize UV-induced damage, these various ingredients are increasingly being incorporated into formulations with skin care ingredients. This makes them well-suited for morning application and, as a practical consideration, a reasonable complement to nightly tretinoin use.
Some of the Most Effective Topical Antioxidants
[frame src=”https://rg-cell.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Depositphotos_8855388_xs.jpg” link=”https://rg-cell.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Depositphotos_8855388_xs.jpg” target=”_self” width=”250″ height=”167″ alt=”Antixidants in Skin Care” align=”right” prettyphoto=”true”]Vitamin E: Vitamin E is a principal fat soluble antioxidant vitamin in the body. It protects cellular membranes, lipoproteins and other “oily” structures. Skin is high in unsaturated fatty acids (“oily” molecules especially susceptible to free radical damage), and can benefit from vitamin E protection. Along with its protective qualities, Vitamin E possesses some anti-inflammatory effects and aids in moisturizing the skin.
Vitamin C: Studies have found that Vitamin C improves skin appearance by reducing fine lines and wrinkles. It also aids in wound healing as it stabilizes collagen and protects against – or, lessens the severity of – sunburns. Vitamin C is also necessary for correcting pigmentation problems and reducing free radicals. It also acts as one of the most powerful antioxidants available for skin care, and improves the appearance of skin, prevents wrinkles, and is essential in cell proliferation.
Retinoic Acid (Retinol): Retinoic acid is the active form of Vitamin A in the skin and the “gold standard” in anti-aging skin care. Topical retinoic acid treats fine wrinkles, age spots, and rough skin caused by sun exposure. In a study published in the Journal of Dermatological Science, researchers found that treatment with retinoic acid restored the elastic fibers that keep skin taut, and reduced the appearance of wrinkles.
Vitamin B: The B vitamins are essential for cells throughout the body, including skin cells. It’s important to get enough of foods rich in B vitamins, such as caviar and fortified grain products, because a B vitamin deficiency can lead to dry, itchy skin. In one study, researchers in Kawasaki, Japan, found topical application of an antioxidant derived from vitamin B-6 protected against sun-induced skin damage and decreased wrinkles.
Coenzyme Q10: This antioxidant may useful in its ability to regenerate the skin, and the molecule’s small size makes it easy to absorb. A study published in the journal Biofactors found that applying coenzyme Q10 to the skin helped minimize the appearance of wrinkles. Extremely important for energy and blood circulation, coenzyme Q10 also encourages a healthy immune system and helps reduce the effects of aging. Soybean contains moderate amounts of coenzyme Q10, and oranges contain small amounts.
Ferulic acid: Ferulic acid is an antioxidant found in the leaves and seeds of various plants. This acid helps to prevent cell damage caused by ultraviolet light. It is a potent antioxidant and provides advanced protection from free radical activity. When combined with Vitamins C and E, ferulic may reduce oxidative stress. It has anti-inflammatory properties and is effective in neutralizing free radicals.
All antioxidants will fight free-radical damage, the differences being which metabolic pathway they utilize to protect the skin. Many other plant-based extracts are being studied for their positive effects on the skin, either when ingested or applied topically. Examples are rosemary, grape seed extract, and soy. Some experts feel that a blend of many different antioxidants and extracts might be more effective than individual products.
Benefits of Antioxidants in Skin Care
[frame src=”https://rg-cell.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/anti-aging-skin-care.jpg” link=”” target=”_self” width=”250″ height=”188″ alt=”Antioxidants in Skin Care” align=”right” prettyphoto=”false”]Anti-inflammation: One of the most desirable benefits of antioxidants in skin care products is the calming of inflammation. Some antioxidants produce valuable anti-inflammatory results by increasing circulation and cell metabolism. Reducing inflammation promotes more even skin tone and helps keep acne and wrinkles at bay.
Sun damage repair: When applied to the skin, antioxidants promote the growth and development of new skin cells by increasing blood flow to the region. Skin that has become coarse, wrinkly or inflamed through excessive sun exposure can greatly benefit from new skin cells. Antioxidants applied to sun damaged skin promotes the healing and repair of the area and assist the skin to return to its previous supple state.
Reduced appearance of wrinkles and increased collagen production: Fine lines and wrinkles are usual phenomena of the aging process. When free radicals harm the skin and body, they mainly break down collagen proteins in the body. Collagen is liable for serving the skin to maintain its softness and assist it to come into sight more supple and youthful. Free radicals such as extreme sun exposure can speed up the natural effects of aging. For this reason, antioxidants found in skin care products can help to ward against free radicals’ effects, dawdling the look of fine lines and wrinkles.
Lowers scar visibility: Considering that antioxidants are explained to have mobile fixing homes, and assist with tissue progress, more aiding the entire body to fix itself, they can increase blood movement to the scar tissue, which is a bit more durable than the typical skin. This attribute may aid in decreasing the visibility of scars.
Tones up the skin: By improving the health of the skin and renewing the appearance, antioxidants can help a great deal in toning and firming the skin. Many moisturizers and skin care products have antioxidants in them, especially those that are anti-aging in nature.
Realizing the benefits of antioxidants means supplying our skin with an adequate supply of antioxidants to counter the effects of free radicals. Be smart about your skin care and start consuming in more nutritious and delicious antioxidants to benefit your skin! Taking cosmeceuticals daily that contain antioxidants are a good way to maintain cellular health.
Resorces: Antioxidants Used in Skin Care Formulations | Protective effects of topical antioxidants in humans | Role of vitamins in skin care | Antioxidant Activities and Volatile Constituents of Various Essential Oils | Bioenergetic and Antioxidant Properties of Coenzyme Q10: Recent Developments | Protective Effects of an Antioxidant Derived from Serine and Vitamin B6 on Skin Photoaging in Hairless Mice | All-trans retinoic acid induces free radical generation and modulate antioxidant enzyme activities in rat sertoli cells